Related Services

Related services means transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. Related services also include school health services and school nurse services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training.

Related services do not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, the optimization of that device’s functioning (e.g., mapping), maintenance of that device, or the replacement of that device.


  • Idenification of children with hearing loss.

  • Determination of the range, nature, and degree of hearing loss, including referral for medical or other professional attention for the habilitation of hearing.

  • Provision of habilitative activities such as language habilitation, auditory training, speech reading (lip-reading), hearing evaluation, and speech conservation

  • Creation and administration of programs for prevention of hearing loss

  • Counseling and guidance of children, parents, and teachers regarding hearing loss

  • Determination of children's needs for group and individual amplification, selecting and fitting an appropriate aid, and evaluation the effectiveness of amplification

Counseling Services/Social Workers

Counseling services means services provided by qualified social workers, psychologists, guidance counselors, or other qualified personnel. This staff works with school personnel, parents, community agencies and students to promote optimal learning outcomes. They collaborate directly with administrators, faculty and staff to form and implement Functional Behavior Assessments, and Behavior Intervention Plans, if needed.

Parent Counseling Services

  • Parent counseling and training means assisting parents in understanding the special needs of their child.

  • Providing parents with information about child development.

  • Helping parents to acquire the necessary skills that will allow them to support the implementation of their child’s IEP or IFSP.

Rehabilitation Counseling Services

Rehabilitation counseling services means services provided by qualified personnel in individual or group sessions that focus specifically on career development, employment preparation, achieving independence, and integration in the workplace and community of a student with a disability. The term also includes vocational rehabilitation services provided to a student with a disability by vocational rehabilitation programs funded under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, 29 U.S.C. 701 et seq.

Social work services 


  • Preparing a social or developmental history on a child with a disability.

  • Group and individual counseling with the child and family.

  • Working in partnership with parents and others on those problems in a child’s living situation (home, school, and community) that affect the child’s adjustment in school.

  • Mobilizing school and community resources to enable the child to learn as effectively as possible in his or her educational program.

  • Assisting in developing positive behavioral intervention strategies.

Interpreting Services

Used with respect to children who are deaf or hard of hearing: Oral transliteration services, cued language transliteration services, sign language transliteration and interpreting services, and transcription services, such as communication access real-time translation (CART), C-Print, and TypeWell, and special interpreting services for children who are deaf-blind.

Occupational Thearapy (OT)

Services provided by a qualified occupational therapist.


  • Improving, developing, or restoring functions impaired or lost through illness, injury, or deprivation

  • Improving ability to perform tasks for independent functioning if functions are impaired or lost

  • Preventing, through early intervention, initial or further impairment or loss of function.

Orientation and Mobility Services

Means services provided to blind or visually impaired children by qualified personnel to enable those students to attain systematic orientation to and safe movement within their environments in school, home, and community.

Includes teaching children the following, as appropriate:

  • Spatial and environmental concepts and use of information received by the senses (such as sound, temperature and vibrations) to establish, maintain, or regain orientation and line of travel. (e.g., using sound at a traffic light to cross the street)

  • To use the long cane or a service animal to supplement visual travel skills or as a tool for safely negotiating the environment for children with no available travel vision

  • To understand and use remaining vision and distance low vision aids.

  • Other concepts, techniques, and tools.

Physical Therapy (PT)

Physical therapy means services provided by a qualified physical therapist. Physical therapy interventions are designed to enable the student to travel throughout the school environment; participate in classroom activities; maintain and change positions in the classroom; as well as manage stairs, restrooms, and the cafeteria.

Psychological Services

School psychologists are uniquely qualified members of school teams that support students' ability to learn and teachers' ability to teach. They apply expertise in mental health, learning, and behavior. In Alamogordo Public Schools they complete comprehensive evaluations and provide services to students on an IEP. They can assist in multiple ways to help youth succeed academically, socially, behaviorally, and emotionally.

Psychological services includes:

  • Administering psychological and educational tests, and other assessment procedures.

  • Interpreting assessment results.

  • Obtaining, integrating, and interpreting information about child behavior and conditions relating to learning.

  • Consulting with other staff members in planning school programs to meet the special educational needs of children as indicated by psychological tests, interviews, direct observation, and behavioral evaluations.

  • Planning and managing a program of psychological services, including psychological counseling for children and parents.

  • Assisting in developing positive behavioral intervention strategies.

Speech-Language Pathology

Speech-language pathology services includes:

  • Identification of children with speech or language impairments.

  • Diagnosis and appraisal of specific speech or language impairments.

  • Referral for medical or other professional attention necessary for the habilitation of speech or language impairments.

  • Provision of speech and language services for the habilitation or prevention of communicative impairments.

  • Counseling and guidance of parents, children, and teachers regarding speech and language impairments.

Transportation Services

Transportation services includes:

  • Travel to and from school and between schools.

  • Travel in and around school buildings.

  • Specialized equipment (such as special or adapted buses, lifts, and ramps), if required to provide special transportation for a child with a disability.